President Jakaya Kikwete dissolved the 10th Parliament on Thursday, recounting his achievements since he ascended to the highest political office in 2005.
President Jakaya Kikwete.
President Kikwete said the Road Fund has increased from Sh.73.08 billion in 2005/06 to Sh.866.63 billion in 2015/16 .
“In these ten years of my leadership the number of motorised vehicles namely, bajaji and motorcycles increased from 1,696,088 in 2005 to 3,313,254 today” the President said.
On road construction he said: “In the ten years, a network of 5,568 kilometres of trunk roads has been completed across the country and 535 kilometres urban roads have been constructed while another 3873 kilometres are under construction.”
The transport sector has also witnessed construction of 7,200 minor and 12 major bridges, while16 other bridges are in various stages of construction.
In towns and cities we began expanding and building of ring roads to ease congestion and traffic jams and now we begin construction of flyovers.
Construction of terminal three airport in Dar es Salaam with the capacity to serve 3.5 million passengers is expected to be completed in October this year, which will be able to serve 6 million passengers.
“One thing that we could not succeed in doing is to revive ATCL. We have succeeded in keeping it alive but we could not even return it to its former state,” President Kikwete noted.
In ten years the government has built 7,560 km of the national communication cable connecting all parts of the country.
Construction of this cable has contributed towards enhancing the quality and speed of communication and reduction in the cost of communication.
For example, the cost of a call have declined from Sh.115 per minute in 2005 to Sh.34.92 in 2014 and Internet costs have declined from an average of Sh.36,000 for one Gigabyte in 2005 to an average of Sh.9,000 for one Gigabyte (GB 1) 2014 .
Telephone lines increased from 2.96 million in 2005 to 28 million in 2014.
People who use the Internet have increased from 1.6 million to 9.3 million in 2014 , 12.3 million users are accessing money via mobile phones.
Between July 2013 and April 2014 a total of 972.6 million mobile money transactions took place worth Sh.28 trillion. This is an average of over Sh.2 trillion a month and makes Tanzania leading the world in this service.
“We have taken steps to ensure that no loopholes for evading tax by mobile companies by installing Telecommunications Management machine. Due to the effectiveness of the machine, last year the government managed to collect Sh.24.6 billion that would have otherwise been lost,” President Kikwete said.
Throughout the ten years, budget for education has remained the biggest of all other sectors. This year’s budget for education has reached Sh.3.4 trillion compared to Sh.669.5 billion in 2005.
The number of universities has grown from 26 in 2005 to 52 in 2015, while the number of primary schools increased from 14,257 in 2005 to 16,538 in 2015 and student enrolment have increased from 7,541,208 to 8,202,892.
“We have increased secondary schools from 1,745 in 2005 to 4753 in 2015. The number of students has increased from 524,325 in 2005 to 1,804,056 in 2015,” he noted.
During his ten years of leadership, technical colleges also increased from 184 in 2005 to 744 in 2015 and students in colleges increased from 40,059 to 145, 511 2015.
Already 5,979 science laboratories have been built in secondary schools and another 4,410 are in various stages of completion, the President said.
Between 2005 and 2014 a total of 2175 health facilities have been built, among which 19 are hospitals, 168 health centres and 1,883 dispensaries.
Services at Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) has improved, they have installed 26 modern machines for dental therapy and a modern laboratory.
The government has increased the budget for drugs and medicines from Sh.40.6 billion in 2005 to Sh.147 billion in 2014.
The number of people who benefited from the Community Health Fund and Health Insurance Fund have increased from 3 per cent in 2005 to 19 per cent in 2014.
The HIV prevalence has declined from 7.7 per cent in 2005 to 5.1 per cent in 2012.
Between 2005 and 2014 the enrollment of students in medical colleges has increased from 3,025 to 11,807, while the number of doctors has increased from 1,048 in 2006 to 2,325 doctors in 2014.
Similarly, assistants medical officers have increased from 1223 to 1914, nurses from 15,961 to 22,942 professionals.
Currently, the ratio of doctor to patients is 1 to 6,666 compared to 1 to 35,714 in 2005, and the ratio of nurse to patients from 1to 2,347 in 2005 to 1 to 2,008 this year.
The implementations of water project has enabled urban water supply rate to reach approximately 86 per cent by 2014 from 73 per cent in 2005. And for rural areas it has reached 67.6 per cent in 2014 compared to 53 per cent in 2005.
The completion of ongoing water projects will make the urban water supply to reach 90 per cent, which is among the goals of the CCM election manifesto, Rural areas supply could reach 70 per cent which is above the target of 65 per cent.
The government has empowered Women Bank to start and continue to provide services. The government provided capital for Tanzania Women Bank (TWB) and continues to contribute to the capital. Already the bank has issued loans to 125,000 people among whom 82 per cent are women.
During the ten years of his tenure, the number of cooperatives associations has increased from 5,832 in 2005 to 9,604 in 2015.
The Savings and Credit associations (SACCOs ), increased from 2005 to 1,875 parties 5,559 in 2014 .
Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
“When inaugurating the Ninth Parliament on 30 December 2005 I promised that the Government will do all that was possible to ensure Tanzania establishes good relationship with other nations on earth, international and regional organisations.
“Today, ten years later, I would assure you that we have fulfilled our commitment, and better than we hoped. Tanzania is a friend of each country and each agency regionally and internationally.
“The country has made history for being visited by two US Presidents - George W. Bush in 2008 and President Barack Obama in 2013, and two presidents of China; President Hu Jintao in 2009 and in 2013 President Xi Jinping.
“During the ten years we have opened five new embassies in the Oman, Malaysia, Brazil, the Netherlands and the Comoros, this makes the number of our embassies to be 35,” President Kikwete noted.
“In the 10 years we have managed to complete the implementation of the Customs Union on January 1, 2010 and July 1, 2010 we began implementation of the Common Market which continues today.
“The Investment in Tanzania from member states of the East African Community has increased from 35 projects worth US $ 39.5 million to 244 projects worth US $ 676.5 million in 2014,” he said.
The Government embarked on allocating sufficient funds for research. We started with Sh.10 billion and the amount has been increasing yearly and it reached Sh.60 billion in 2014. The goal is to allocate 1 per cent of the national budget and finally 1 per cent of GDP for research activities, he said.
Some 344 scientists have received scholarships to postgraduate degree and 173 for PhD degree. 70 research projects have been funded, out of which 22 are agricultural researches.
Lands and Housing.
Since 2006 up to now a total of 164,275 title deeds have been issued, 10,500 villages have been surveyed. Data from Population and Housing Census of 2012, shows that the number of homes with corrugated iron roofs were increased from 46 per cent in 2002 to 65 per cent in 2012.
Construction of a pipeline to transport gas from Mtwara and Songo Songo to Dar es Salaam to enable the production of 3,000 megawatts of electricity has been completed.
“During my leadership we created the Rural Electrification Agency (REA ) which has done a great job and a good supply of electricity for 5,336 villages out of 12,423 villages in the country.
The Number of Tanzanians who have access to electricity increased from 10 per cent to 40 per cent in 2015.
The value of mineral sales abroad also increased from US $ 655.5 million in 2005 to US $ 1.794 billion in December 2014.
The government made the decision to revive the State Mining Cooperation (STAMICO) which begins again the work of exploration.
In these ten years, the manufacturing sector continued to grow at an encouraging pace. Small and large industries have increased from 11, 544 in 2005 to 51,224 in 2015. The contribution of manufacturing sector in GDP has reached 7.3 per cent in 2014 from 6.8 per cent in 2005.
The tourism industry has grown by an average of 7.1 per cent and contributed 25 per cent of foreign exchange earnings. The number of tourists has increased from 612 ,754 tourists in 2005 to 1,140,156 in 2014 . Revenue also increased from US $ 823.05 million in 2005 to US $ 2 billion in 2014.
Fishing and Livestock
Revenue from fishing industry increased from Sh.351.6 billion in 2005 to Sh 1.8 trillion in 2013.
Milk processing factories have increased from 22 in 2005 to 74 in 2015. The factories producing animal feeds increased from 6 in 2005 to 80 in 2015 with the processing capacity of 1.4 million tonnes of food this year.
They have also increased agriculture budget from Sh.233.3 billion in 2005/06 to Sh.1,084.7 billion in 2014/15.
Large and small tractors have increased from 7,491 in 2005 to 16,412 in 2014. For this reason the use of had hoe has been reduced from 70 per cent to 62 per cent increased extension services from 3,379 in 2005 to 7,974 in 2014.
Tanzania Investment Centre (TIC) has registered 7159 projects worth $ 154.274 billion. Among these projects 49.38 per cent are local investors, 23.41 per cent are foreign investors, 27.18 per cent of the projects are joint ventures between local and foreign investors. However, 16,000 jobs were obtained.
The GDP grew by an average of approximately 7 per cent and the country is among the 10 African nations and 20 in the world whose economy is growing at a rapid pace.
The average income of the Tanzanian has grown from Sh.441,030 in 2005 to Sh.1,724,416 shillings in 2014.
The number of cases of corruption allegations appearing in court increased from 50 in 2005 to 1,900 in 2014. A total of Sh.87.8 billion has beensaved.
President Kikwete said government revenues increased from Sh.177.1 billion per month in 2005 to about Sh.850 billion in 2014.
‘This has enabled the government budget to grow from Sh.13.4 trillion in 2005/2006 to Sh.22.49 trillion in the year 2015/2016,” President Kikwete said.
It also has enabled to reduce dependency from development partners from 42 per cent of the government budget in 2005 to 15 per cent in 2014/2015.
The President said in the 10 years of his leadership he has managed to strengthen the Ethics commission and have widened the scope of its operation.
President Kikwete said for the 10 years between 2005 and 2015 he has increased the number of Judges to the court of Appeal from 8 in 2005 to 16, and High Court Judges from 37 to 81 during the same period .
Likewise, women judges have been increased to 5 in the Court of Appeal and 32in the High Court to make their total number to 37 .
“Currently we have a total of 1,266 Residents Magistrates, of these 534 equivalents of 35 per cent are women, he said.
Human Right Commission
About human right commission President Kikwete said due to the use of electronic system many people’s complaints have been taken to the Ethics Commission and resolved.
For example, a number of complaints increased from 9,455 in 2006 to 25,921 in 2014 and the Commission's ability to deal with complaints for the year rose from 3,021 complaints in 2005 to 18,501 complaints in 2014 .
President said the government has continued to reduce tax for workers (PAYE) from 18 per cent in 2005 to 11 per cent this year.
He also explain that the number of women MPs has risen from 62 in 2005 to 127 saying that currently, fifty-fifty is officially in the proposed Constitution .
According to the President, the number of women has increased in all major levels of decision making. For example, they have 10 women Ministers, 5 Deputy Ministers, 37Judges and 53 District Commissioners are women.
“In higher education institutions, the number of female students has increased steadily from 10,039 in 2005 to 78,800 in 2014.
In Tanzania there are 16 daily newspapers and among those the government has only two. Weekly newspapers also topped 62. There are 115 radio stations and 29 television station.
The number of political parties has grown from 18 to 24 and they are doing their activities freely.
Until 2005 there were 13 union grievances but currently only four remain. Already the remaining three are tackled in the proposed Constitution. He added that if the referendum would have been held and that the Constitution was approved there would be no more union problems.
Arts and Sports.
The President said: “I made a decision to bring back sports in schools with sports competitions for primary schools and secondary (UMISHUMTA and UMISETA).
“We have achieved in terms of arts, film and music. Our young people in these industries have been doing well that is why today Bongo Flava and Movie in Tanzania are known internationally,” he concluded.
SOURCE: THE GUARDIAN